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elderberry seeds

Elderberry seeds

It’s also possible to get new plants by growing elderberry from seed. For those who have elderberry plants already, it’s easy and free to obtain seeds since they are found in every berry. However, plants produced from elderberry seed growing may not look like the parent plant or produce berries at the same time since they are pollinated by other plants.

Pretty and practical, elderberry shrubs (Sambucus spp.) decorate your yard with showy flowers that later become dark purple berries. The shrubs can be propagated from cuttings, which produce plants that are biologically identical to the parents.

Growing Shrubs from Elderberry Seeds

If you are cultivating elderberries for commercial or personal harvest, growing elderberry from seed may not be the most efficient way to go. However, it’s very inexpensive and entirely possible as long as you bring patience to the job. Elderberry seed propagation is a bit more complex than the same procedure with other plants. Be sure to read up on how to proceed with elderberry seed growing to avoid disappointment. Read on for all the information you need to propagate elderberry seeds.

Elderberry seeds have a thick, tough seed coat and what botanists call “natural dormancy.” This means that the seeds must obtain optimal conditions before waking up from their deep sleep. In the case of elderberries, the seeds must be stratified twice. This is not difficult, but it takes time, up to seven months to complete.

Germinating Elderberry Seeds

The stratification required to start propagating elderberry from seed should mimic nature’s cycle. First expose seeds to warm conditions– like the normal conditions found indoors– for several months. This is followed by winter temperatures for another three months.

Family: Honeysuckle (Caprifoliaceae)

We grow our own European black elderberry and supply seeds from the current crop only.

Hardy to Zones 4 to 7

(Black Elder, Elder Berry, European Black Elderberry) Perennial, deciduous, multistemmed bush to small tree native to Europe. Wild form. The berries are large and tasty. Traditional usage (TWM): Colds, flu, immune enhancement. Source of anthocyanins, bioflavonoids, vitamins and antioxidants, also a peculiar antiviral protein. The syrup, tincture or glycerite of these berries is traditionally used (TWM) for treating the common cold and for overall increase in immunity. Cultivation: We are providing clean seeds from the new harvest. Seed best planted outdoors or in an unheated greenhouse or shadehouse, in the fall to early spring for germination in the midspring. Plant the seeds in moist, shady area–it is best to plant 1/2 inch deep in rich soil in flats or in gallon pots, as they take a long time to come up, and control is needed. If outdoor treatment is not possible, refrigerate for 90 days, then sow in cool, moist shade. If you soak the seeds before planting, do not be alarmed when the seeds float–floating elderberry seeds are viable! Outdoor conditions are preferred–do not try to grow indoors in a bright window–oscillating temperatures are required. Sow seeds in very rich and composty soil medium–do not use sterilized medium–alive soils stimulate germination and mycorrhizal associations may begin early on. Once germinated, the seedlings grow very rapidly. Seedlings and adult trees are Nitrogen lovers–give chicken manure or copious amounts of compost for best results. Grow out in a shaded place in pots for a year before transplanting to final location. Flowers generally appear in year 3. Flowers turn rapidly into heavy clusters of fruits. Its probably a good idea to grow 3 trees for pollination purposes, although we have certainly seen good crops of fruit from a single tree grown in isolation. Elderberries are best placed as an understory to a higher tree canopy. Will also grow in full sun if the roots are kept cool and moist. Space trees at least 15 feet apart.
30 seeds/pkt, in dried berries, certified organically grown