Here is a diagram of a bean seed. Cannabis seeds are very similar, as they are both dicots. A dicot plant is a plant that has 2 cotyledons (the first leaves that appear on a seedling) compared to a monocot plant that only has one cotyledon.
Seed Germination Process
It’s the most important time of your growing cycle, often overlooked in favor of other stages like vegetation and flowers, but germination is where the magic really happens.
What Is Germination?
However, this is not always the case. Depending on the species, seeds can stay viable for quite some time. A date palm seed that was around 2000 years old germinated several years ago, making it the oldest seed to germinate. It was stored in hot dry conditions, shocking it was able to germinate!
To get the buds found in medical and recreational stores, female cannabis plants are grown in an environment without males—or the males are removed from the area before they release pollen—so the females don’t create seeds. Females can then focus their energies on producing buds and not seeds—this high-potency marijuana is traditionally known as “sinsemilla,” meaning “seedless.”
Pros and cons of using cannabis seeds
Marijuana seeds can be acquired from an array of sources and can vary in quality. For more info on how to buy marijuana seeds, check out our Guide to buying cannabis seeds.
How to germinate marijuana seeds
However, potency in autoflowering varieties has increased significantly since their initial introduction, with some breeders crossbreeding the low-THC ruderalis with other more potent varieties.